Saturday, December 23, 2017

Meet Uzikee Nelson

(Published on Facebook on November 20, 2017)

 Today (Nov. 20th) I was the guest of artist Uzikee Nelson, pronounced UZEE-key. He took me on the Columbia Heights Heritage Trail in Northwest, or NW, Washington, DC.

You can see the two of us standing in front of the Josephine Butler Parks Center. The sculpting there is called 'El Dorado Gold' and its crown glows in the sunlight! It is located east of of Meridian Hill Park, which is locally known as Malcolm X Park; just across the street.

There is also a great sculpting of his in the 1400 block of Belmont Street, NW. It is dedicated to Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X--see photo. That same Marcus-Malcolm sculpting is seen on ALL of the Columbia Heights Heritage Trail plaques in the city--see images.

We also visited the famous Pitts Hotel which is now marked with a plaque. Get ready for the Uzikee tour in Washington, DC! (Photo credits: Anthro21 LLC).


Their Name Is On the Wall

(Posted on Facebook December 18, 2017)
Millions of people have visited the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History & Culture in Washington, DC which opened last year. But few people know of the African American Civil War Museum & Memorial in mid-town Washington, DC.

In the photo is Luanne from Illinois. On Saturday December 16th 2017 she visited the African American Civil War Museum & Memorial in Washington, DC to find the name of her great-great grandfather Reuben Robbins, whose name is on the memorial because he is a veteran of the US Civil War, an African descendant who was part of the US Colored Troops (in the photo she is also seen holding a photo of him). She also found out that he had two brothers who also served in the United States Colored Troops, also known as the USCT.

The USCT were responsible for capturing Richmond, Virginia on April 3rd 1865 to end the US Civil War. At that time Richmond, VA was the capital of the confederate states of America, commonly known as the Confederacy, and the Confederacy fought in opposition to the United States of America, commonly known as the Union. The USCT were the only successful fighting force to capture Richmond, VA and their victory produced the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee days later at the Appomattox Court House.

This part of history has been forgotten but stands as evidence that African descendant people fought to free themselves from abuse and slavery. You can learn more from the museum's website:

Do you have a descendant listed on the wall?

Meet Railroad Generations

This year I encountered Railroad Generations.  Their goal is to become the largest social organization for African American transportation workers. I was amazed at how many people, throughout the world, have a railroad story. I made posts to their Facebook page and re-posted what I shared below.

RE: A. Philip Randolph (Published on Facebook December 15, 2017)

"At the banquet table of nature there are no reserved seats. You get what you can take, and you keep what you can hold. If you can’t take anything, you won’t get anything; and if you can’t hold anything, you won’t keep anything. And you can’t take anything without organization.”
A. Philip Randolph

RE: The Warmth of Other Suns (Published on Facebook December 19, 2017)

"The Warmth of Other Suns" is a book by Isabelle Wilkerson and is a great read. It tells the lives of African Americans during the time of what many now call 'The Great Migration.' What's important is that the book shows how important the railroad was for African American families in moving from towns filled with violence, hatred, racism and abuses.

Here is a list of the awards the book has been given:


If you can only read one chapter of this book, you will not be sorry!

RE: From Superman to Man (Published on Facebook December 23, 2017)

The history of the railroad and the life of the Pullman porter can also be seen in another book classic titled "From Superman to Man" by Joel Augustus (J.A.) Rogers. This book earned respect worldwide for the hard work of African American women and men on the railroad.

Pullman porters were known and respected for decades for being well read as well as well traveled. Literacy was high among African Americans in the early 20th century especially among Pullman porters.

The standard book description states: 

"Joel Augustus Roger's seminal work, this novel first published in 1917 is a polemic against the ignorance that fuels racism. The central plot revolves around a debate between a Pullman porter and a white racist Southern politician."

Another review mentions:

"A fearless and penetrating discussion of America’s Greatest Problem The most debated points of the race question as the relative mentality, physical and facial beauty, sex instinct, chastity, odor, truthfulness, health, honesty, of negro and Caucasian; as well as politics, the slavery of white people in Colonial America and elsewhere, intermarriage, religion ancient Negro civilization, race attraction and repulsion, lynching and other aspects all scientifically dealt with in an interesting argument between a southern United Sates Senator with pronounced views and a polished, well-educated, universally traveled Negro when the two happen to meet under peculiar circumstances." (Source: The Amazon Book Review).

Rogers died in 1966 and in his lifetime he belonged to the Paris (France) Society for Anthropology, American Geographical Society, and the Academy of Political Science; in addition, he was also multilingual, mastering German, Italian, French, and Spanish. He had no formal education. (Source:

Saturday, December 9, 2017

This Year I Went on Tour

[A photo of the Statue of Freedom, that is on top of the Capitol Building in 
Washington, DC. Photo credit: National Park Service.]
"Thank you, Johnny, for a wonderful tour of the neighborhood where I have lived for 50 years. Your encyclopedic knowledge of the early history of African American social organization was very enlightening and was exactly what I was hoping I would be getting. Very professionally presented! I would recommend you to anyone interested in this area." --Marcy L. from Washington D.C.

Looking in hindsight to 2017, it was a good year!  This year I launched several new tours in Washington, DC.  It was tourism mixed with anthropology and ethnic marketing.  What I did this year was in the plans and was not by chance.  

It all started with coordinated meetings with very important people in Washington, DC and from other parts of the world.  The first tour I launched was a heritage site tour in mid-town Washington, DC visiting sites related to the historic African American community that created what we now know as Shaw, located along U Street in NW Washington, DC;  I launched in August.  U Street is a result of Camp Barker and the community around it created by the 'freedmen' who were freed by the 1862 Washington, DC Emancipation Act which came months before the famous Emancipation Proclamation.  

This act compensated owners of enslaved people for being loyal the Union (the name also of the United States at that time) and the result was a camp was where the formerly enslaved came to live. The freedmen created a village with a school, church and all the things needed.  The next step was that many began formal training to join the United States military in fighting the US civil war.  This was a major step for the Union forces.  History shows that the Union forces won the war by including the African descended freedmen; known in history as the United States Colored Troops (USCT).

Next I launched a tour visiting the homes of six women that made American history and world history.  This theme is important when doing ethnography.  We cannot have a holistic view of history unless we include the history of women.  I called the tour "Great Women of Washington, DC," and it was the best seller!

The first home on the tour is that of Mary Ann Shadd Cary.

Cary was born into an abolitionist family in America and in her life she was an active abolitionist working in both Canada and the USA. She was also a teacher, writer and publisher, suffragist, lawyer, and US Civil War recruiter. Born free she devoted her life to the anti-slavery movement. Her home in Washington, DC is a recognized national landmark. She is also the second woman of African descent in United States history to earn a law degree and was the first woman of African descent to vote in a national election.

I hosted an event in early December 2017 for kids about Benjamin Banneker and his Dogon ancestry. The image on the poster is a rendition of an elephant mask from Cameroon. I chose the mask because I want to continue to support indigenous people and their wisdom of earth and our universe.

In the colder months I enjoy museum tours. This is an area of concern as not all museums support tour guides bringing tourists to museums, but there is a growing DEMAND from the public to learn specific areas of history that are within museums from a tour guide-

To get people interested I began sharing facts on Washington, DC and the city's heritage sites that they did not know existed.  Many people were not aware of the amount of sites until they came to town to see the new national museum. Here is some of what I would share in my emails and flyers-

Did you know that in May 2016 the Washington Post reported that Washington, DC broke a new record by receiving $7.1 Billion dollars from tourism?

In 2017 Washington, DC became one of the top two destinations to visit in the United States because of the opening of the new Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) -- which opened in September 2016. 

My first major tourism effort in Washington, DC was the Ethiopian Millennium Day in 2007. We were told afterward that we hosted nearly 20 thousand people for the entire day. It was a great time and widely supported. I worked with the leading organization as a fund-raiser and advisor. My work secured Starbucks Coffee Company as the principal event sponsor. The image below is of the mayor's proclamation for Ethiopian Millennium Day. (Photo Credit: Office of the Mayor District of Columbia).


In January 2014 I produced a coffee tasting event celebrating sustainability. It featured an Ethiopian Coffee ceremony and was held at the original Tesla showroom in downtown Washington, DC. The event showcased Ethiopian and Haitian coffee; 'Haitian Blue' originated in Ethiopia. The coffee ceremony is traditional indigenous culture. It was hosted by husband and wife team Tebabu Assefa and Sara Mussie (below on the right) of Blessed Coffee. In the center is Cafe Kreyol founder Joe Stazzone. (Photo Credit: Anthro21).


In October 2014 I hosted a mask making event to teach traditional indigenous culture. I did the event with the help of DC Cultural Tourism's Art4All program. It rained that day and not everyone showed---however it was an amazing time and went better than expected! (Photo Credit: Anthro21).


In January 2015 I facilitated a meeting with the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas to the United States of America, His Excellency Dr. Newry on behalf of a client to bring tourists of African descent from the USA and Canada to select sites in the Bahamas. (Photo Credit: Anthro21).


I worked to make John G. Parker , abstract painter, a featured artist in the September 2015 Washington, DC ArtAllNight event. This arts festival has become a major attraction for DC.

(Photo Credit: Shaw Main Streets).


In July 2016 I was an invited guest to witness Ethiopian Airlines reactivate direct flights from New Jersey Liberty Airport to Togo afer 15 years. This photo is with Ethiopian Airlines CEO Mr. Tewolde GebreMariam.  (Photo Credit: Anthro21).


In February 2017 I conducted a tour for the Washington Informer newspaper's Heritage Tour in the National Museum of African American History & Culture. I am here in the photo with the Washington Informer's publisher, Mrs. Denise Rolark-Barnes.  (Photo Credit: Anthro21).


In March 2017 I was asked by Dr. Ephraim Isaac, from Princeton University, to give him a tour of the National Museum of African American History & Culture (NMAAHC). This was an honor because Dr. Isaac is the founder and first professor of the African American Studies at Harvard University. In recognition of his merits, the "Ephraim Isaac Prize for Excellence in African Studies" is given every year to a Harvard University graduate who writes the best essay in African Studies.

CLICK HERE to watch the the video of his visit.

Saturday, October 7, 2017

Book review: "Gifts of the Dineh"

In honor of Indigenous People's Day (October 9th), I  decided to review a children's book that shares the culture and history of indigenous people.  

The book "Gifts of the Dineh" (cover seen on the left) is written by Barbara Simons, and illustrated by Marla Bagetta. It is the story of a sister and brother who visit their grandparents on an reservation.  While there, they meet other family, eat new food and learn about the language and traditions of their elders.

The greatest part for me was reading how the grandmother spiritually connected to all the other grandmothers from the past when making the rug (shown on cover) that she could see in her mind.

'Dineh' (dih-NAY) means 'the people' in the Navajo language.  This book is a great introduction for children to the current reality of Native American people in the United States.  It also allows for an easier conversation for parents with their children about the past.   For teachers the book gives great examples of indigenous culture. The book is 16 pages with great illustrations and I really enjoyed reading the book because it did not humiliate or dehumanize the Dineh.  I recommend this book.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Meet Julia Browne!

Julia Brown, CEO of Walking the Spirit Tours 
(Credit: Tourism Office Paris, France/Amelie DuPont)
Anthro21 is grateful for this interview opportunity.  Julia Browne is a highly respected and sought after celebrity tour guide.  She is also a global entrepreneur and ethnic marketing leader.  Julia has created a world-class tourism company that tours Paris and other locations.  She has been interviewed by leading media the world over for her success and today we interview her to honor her work.   

Her tours  give visitors the opportunity to 'walk in the footsteps' of names such as Josephine Baker, Richard Wright, James Baldwin and many more.

Congratulations on your success! Your work has earned you top interviews with CNN and the New York Times. Please tell us, what was the first tour like for you?

"My first tour was really just walking my Paris friends around the major sites in the Latin Quarter/St.Germain des Pres district.  I'd been working from the research done by my mentor, the late Professor Michel Fabre, plus additional material I'd learned myself in the library of the Georges Pompidou Centre Library. Week after week, I'd tell my friends about the amazing discoveries I'd made so finally they asked me to show them. One of my very first professional tours, in 1994, was for a visiting editor of Essence magazine. There I was glancing at my cue cards where I'd written the key points, trying to impress and entertain her. She was very cool and knew a thing or two herself.  The tour turned out more like a conversation."

Credit: Walking in the Spirit Tours
For those who do not know, where were you born?  What lead you to France?  

"I was born in Leeds England, and my family immigrated to Canada in the 60's.  Even young, I was the restless type.  I devoured books and was curious about the rest of the world.  In school, we had to take French and I got totally hooked on it to the point of having a pen-pal from the Brittany region of France.  After studying tourism in college, I got a job as a flight attendant and got sent to Paris several times--poor me!  Believe it or not,  I didn't really like it at first. I found the people cold and unfriendly.  But I loved French cinema and literature.  Through lots of books and movies I got a real glimpse and understanding of the cultural differences." 

Your business is seen as promoting African American history in Paris, France. In your own words please tell us how you see it.  

"Yes, in the large sense I promote African American history in Paris. What my goal has been is to encourage people of all ages to understand what it's been like to be Black outside of their own country and experience.  It's a real eye-and-spirit-opener to see, feel, know that your culture is valued well beyond what they make you believe back home. 

Credit: Walking in the Spirit Tours
Bigger than that, I want people to see themselves in the larger world, re-evaluate what they know of themselves, expand into what they can be – just like the expatriates did in an environment that took away the obstacle of race.  The history I share is something like a role model.   

The African American experience abroad is different from, yet part of, the Diaspora one. We're connected to each other even if sometimes we have to search for the common points.  You have the opportunity to explore that in Paris because it's the meeting place for Blacks from everywhere."

Do you see yourself as creating new and better opportunities for women in the tourism industry?

"I have had more women tour guides than male but not because I've consciously been seeking out women. Women dominate that area of tourism just as they do in travel agencies and tourism management.  That's been the case in the interns who have sought out work with me. Where I feel I create new and better opportunities is providing whomever wants to get a sense of serving the community interests through working for a Black-owned business, and most importantly, sharing the heritage knowledge and pride; like sowing seeds.  I also hope that working with me gives people a sense of global connectivity."

Do American politics affect your business?

"It has, yes. It affects the way people in the streets react to our groups when we are on tour. The French love to debate and if the politics are particularly scintillating, you can expect them to ask questions.  When Obama won the election, people would smile at us (not so common for the French), we could tell they were conscious of having Americans among them."

What is your most popular tourism theme?

"Josephine Baker is the number 1 requested theme. The writers was the most popular themed tour – because their output was the most recognized and taught, alongside the music but now the African district coupled with the 1920's & 30's period is popular. There's a desire to explore beyond the American story and learn more and engage with the Diaspora – whether in cuisine, music or social activities."

What new things can we expect from Walking the Spirit Tours in 2017?

"First, we'll be taking the film 'Paris Noir-African Americans in the City of Light' on the road in the U.S. and Canada. It will be great to meet people interested in the history and contemporary story.  I am introducing scheduled departure for many of our themed packages – we have an exclusive Afro-focused D-Day excursion in Normandy, a very touching WW I and the Harlem Hell-fighters soldiers/jazz band in Eastern France, our Josephine Baker chateau tour to the south. We're also expanding our offerings of "Black heritage + Local Delights" in Canada;Toronto, Montreal and Nova Scotia."

Finally, please share a word of advice to future global entrepreneurs who want to learn more from you.

"Learn a second language – even if it's just the basics.  Take a class in cross cultural communications. Read a couple of books that take place in your destination country or if the place publishes a newspaper in English, read it regularly before departure so you have an idea of the concerns and priorities of the society."

To join Julia Brown on one of her famous tours visit her online: